Historical Charles County - Charles County Bar Association

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Charles County, Maryland
More about Charles County, Maryland
Charles County is a county located in the southern central portion of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 146,551. The county seat is La Plata. The county was named for Charles Calvert (1637–1715), third Baron Baltimore.

Charles County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area

Charles County was created in 1658 by an Order in Council. There was an also an earlier Charles County from 1650 to 1653, sometimes referred to in historic documents as Old Charles County

In April 1865, John Wilkes Booth made his escape through Charles County after shooting President Abraham Lincoln. He was on his way to Virginia.

On April 28, 2002, a tornado cut through the County and destroyed much of downtown La Plata.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 643 square miles (1,670 km2), of which 458 square miles (1,190 km2) is land and 185 square miles (480 km2) (29%) is water.

In its western wing, along the southernmost bend in Maryland Route 224, Charles County contains a rare instance where the traveler is due north, east, south, and west of the same state—Virginia.





Historical population

Census  Pop  
1790 20,613 —
1800  19,172 −7.0%
1810    20,245 5.6%
1820 16,500 −18.5%
1830 17,769 7.7%
1840 16,023 −9.8%
1850 16,162 0.9%
1860 16,517 2.2%
1870 15,738 −4.7%
1880 18,548 17.9%
1890 15,191 −18.1%
1900 17,662 16.3%
1910 16,386 −7.2%
1920 17,705 8.0%
1930 16,166 −8.7%
1940 17,612 8.9%
1950 23,415 32.9%
1960 32,572 39.1%
1970 47,678 46.4%
1980 72,751 52.6%
1990 101,154 39.0%
2000 120,546 19.2%
2010 146,551 21.6%
Est. 2013 152,864 4.3%

Top employers

According to the County's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, 
the top employers by number of employees in the county are:


#    Employer    # of Employees    Percentage of Total County Employment

1    Charles County Board of Education                     3,430                          4.35%
2    Indian Head Naval Surface Warfare Center         3,404                          4.49%
3    Charles County Government                              1,638                           2.16%
4    Civista Medical Center                                         850                           1.12%
5    College of Southern Maryland                              819                           1.08%
6    Wal-Mart/Sam's Club                                          592                          0.78%
7    The Facchina Group of Companies                       550                          0.73%
8    Safeway                                                            475                          0.63%
9    Target                                                               400                          0.53%
10  McDonald's                                                        396                           0.52%
11  Southern Maryland Electric Cooperative                386                           0.51%
12  Genesis Health Care                                           312                           0.41%
13  Bloomin' Brands (OSI Restaurant Partners)           300                          0.40%
14  Charles County Nursing Home                             255                           0.34%
15  Darden Restaurants                                           253                           0.33%
16  Macy's                                                              250                           0.33%


Notable residents

Chuck Brown (1936–2012), the godfather of go-go, lived in Waldorf
Gustavus Richard Brown, physician to George Washington
George Cary (1811–1850), born near Allens Fresh in Charles County, United States Congressman from Georgia
Barnes Compton, US Congressman
James Craik, Physician General during the American Revolution, physician to George Washington
Danny Gatton (1945–1994), legendary guitarist, lived in Newburg
John Hanson, American Revolutionary War statesman
Josiah Henson (1789–1883), former slave and author
Matthew Henson, co-discoverer of the North Pole; born near Nanjemoy
Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American Revolutionary War statesman
Larry Johnson, running back for the Washington Redskins; from Pomfret
Jane Herbert Wilkinson Long (1798–1880), considered to be the "Mother of Texas"
Shawn Lemon, professional football player; grew up in Waldorf
Joel and Benji Madden from the band Good Charlotte; grew up in Waldorf
Christina Milian, musician, lived in Waldorf
Samuel Alexander Mudd (1833–1883), born in Charles County, the doctor implicated and imprisoned for aiding John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln
James Neale (1615–1684), born London, England, immigrated 1634, founded Wollaston Manor plantation and Cobb Island
Captain Raphael Semmes of the Confederate ship Alabama, born near Nanjemoy
General William Smallwood, American Revolutionary War statesman
Randy Starks, defensive tackle for the Miami Dolphins; from Waldorf
Robert Stethem, noted terror hijacking victim, grew up in Pinefield, Waldorf
Benjamin Stoddert (1751–1813), first United States Secretary of the Navy
Thomas Stone, American Revolutionary War statesman

 
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